Precise simulation of phase-locked loops for clock and data recovery
The demand for ever-faster technologies for data transmission is still growing rapidly. The communication systems used for clock and data recovery, such as phase-locked loops (PLL), are required in those asynchronous communication processes. However, the modeling and optimization of these mixed-signal systems is a challenge due to their complex behavior. Based on the method of fully event-driven modelling, a behavioral simulation software has been developed which only calculates its successive switching points by combining analytical and numerical methods. This leads to a higher precision of the simulation with a significantly shorter simulation time. In comparison with common simulators, a speed-up factor of about 10 – 100 is achieved. The modular implementation allows to characterize parasitic and nonlinear effects on system level by Monte-Carlo methods and to optimize the architectures accordingly. In current projects, the software is also used for developing novel receiver systems for 5G applications.